Wednesday, May 20, 2009

The Middle Way: Choosing Life and Preserving Choice

While I'm on the subject of arguments that never seem to quite get resolved, the recent commencement speech by President Obama at Notre Dame seems to have stirred up the abortion cauldron again.

This is an issue within which many can admit to no common ground at all. If the responses of pro-lifers to Obama's speech are any measure, there is nothing at all to be said. There is no conversation or dialog. Within that community, abortion is simply murder. For them, describing abortion as a choice is like describing genocide as a "choice."

Within the highly charged rhetorical framework of the pro-life movement, even the goal of reducing the number of abortions in our society is not acceptable. If those who disagree with you are committing genocide, how can you possibly accept a lower percentage? Many conservatives are offended at even suggesting that conversation on the issue is possible. There is only one option, and that is the zero option. No abortions ever for any reason.

Unfortunately for our nation, this absolutist position is disastrously counterproductive. It paralyzes the nation, and prevents us from making any forward progress on the issue. Assuming, as I do, that reducing abortion rates should be a clear goal in our society, we have two possible ways forward. If we look cross-culturally at our options, two different societal approaches seem to have worked in reducing abortion.

The first is the Saudi approach: the complete ban. That essentially mirrors the absolutist position of American conservatism, and would require us to criminalize abortion at the federal level. This does achieve the goal of reducing abortion through the coercive power of government. It drives it underground for the poor, or drives it across national boundaries for the rich. That, in essence, is the Saudi approach. Under the Wahabist form of Islamic sharia law that governs Saudi Arabia, abortion is considered premeditated murder, and can only be considered if the mother's life is threatened. This is essentially the same position as that held by the American pro-life movement, and in Saudi Arabia, it means that abortion is quite rare. Unfortunately for the pro-life movement, the only reason that works in the Saudi context is that the country is not a democracy. It's legal frameworks are those of a theocratic monarchy, in which the boundaries between faith and the power of the state are very different from those established in our Constitution.

The second is the approach taken by liberal social democracies. This is the Western European model, which has produced abortion rates that are half that of those in the United States. That approach involves progressive sex education, easily available contraception, and significant "nanny state" benefits provided to those who choose to bring a child to term. Despite the ideological resistance many conservatives have to this approach, the numbers are clear: it works. Given that the U.S. sees between 1.2 and 1.5 million abortions annually now, if we could reduce our abortion rate to that of the Netherlands, we'd...in the language of the pro-life movement...save 600,000 preborn lives a year. The challenge for conservatives is that their absolutism and resistance to this middle way may be, by their own metric, costing two thousand lives a day.

As we are a democracy and not a theocratic state, the latter approach seems far and away the more viable one. We have a model that works. Why doctrinal and ideological purity should trump the possibility of real, practical and measurable improvement on an issue that for many is a matter of life and death is beyond me.

5 comments:

  1. So why does it need to be an either/or situation? We can agree that abortion is an awful thing so why not stop it altogether and simultaneously and drastically move to help those who decide to allow their children to live. I know of no one in the pro-life movement who isn't in favor of that.

    We shouldn't allow a choice thats end result is the murder of an innocent. Should we? It may be inconvenient or 'punishing' for one's lifestyle to carry a child to term, but surely we can recognize that actions have consequences and that abortion is hardly a viable option.

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  2. The challenge is that defining abortion as the "murder of an innocent" is not a perspective that both sides share.

    What you've presented appears to be an articulation of the pro-life position, which is by definition binary in nature. Holding and expressing that perspective is your right, and is a valid part of this discussion. I'm not convinced that it provide the rhetorical or conceptual framework for overcoming this unconstructive impasse.

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  3. I'm late to the party... just catching up. But I see from the comments, the discussion is still alive.

    This is a great way to think about this issue.

    You're right. There is no consensus about when life begins. There certainly isn't any biblical consensus. We will need to continue to work for something else... I do get shocked that more pro-lifers don't think about helping mothers.

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  4. Howdy, Carol!

    The lack of a clear Biblical perspective on the issue has always struck me as interesting, particularly given the disproportionate emphasis this issue receives in nominally "bible-based" churches.

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  5. I'd have to agree with Anon. People thought killing Africans was not murder. Or killing Jews. This is the position the pro-choice movement should reconcile to.

    I always wonder how progressives can believe that destruction of one class of people (and a defenseless class at that) for most times the economic benefit of another can even be slightly justified.

    The challenging part I find are the strong voices against contraception -- that certainly muddies the waters. I am fine with contraceptive teaching AND abstinance teaching AND anti-abortion movements AND better support for adoption.

    I know plenty of barren families forced to go to China and South America, because adopting American children is too difficult and complicated.

    (Side note: Having worked for someone who did the Ph.D. around abortion issues, the CDC data back in the late 80s showed the % of abortions done for the safety of the mother, or incest or rape is near-zero, compared to convenience abortions. Not sure if the data has changed, but it's not likely).

    You can call me black and white and I'll accept the label, if the label means that I do not accept the destruction of innocent life for the economic advancement of someone else.

    One final thought, and where more of the conversation should be -- when is the child "human." I am not sure it's human as an unattached embryo, but D&E or other barbaric abortion methods are clearly over the line.

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